Technology

The High Price for Free Flight

Eric Lyttle brings up a lot of great discussion points in his article, “Rise in amateurs' use of drones raises risk to other aircraft.” As the consumer market for drones grows and grows, so do the risks involved with having such lax enforcement of laws in place. The article references Lt. Greg Estep, Columbus police heliport overseer. He expresses concerns about people flying drones at events with heavy air traffic, and often times at night, such as Columbus, Ohio's annual Independence Day festival, “Red, White, and Boom.”

As an industry standard, almost all drones come with lights on the bottom so that the pilot can tell which direction it is facing. Yet, even with those precautions in place, for someone manning a helicopter or a plane, a black drone flying at night might not be seen until an easily preventable tragedy becomes unavoidable.

“You get a drone sucked into a tail rotor flying over 300,000 people. It could have been a disaster.” He goes on to add, “the amazing thing is, there's no way of finding out who was flying the drone... and the [Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)] regulations have no teeth for a hobbyist.”

These regulations Estep refers to are the standards that the FAA has placed for consumers when flying an unmanned aircraft.

  • No flying within 5 miles of an airport.
  • Aircraft must remain within sight of pilot at all time.
  • No flying above 400ft.
  • Fly safely (avoiding areas with large pedestrian traffic, buildings, etc.).

Lyttle follows up Estep's statement by easing some of the concerns that readers may have, stating facts like, “airspace up to 3,000 feet above any stadium of 30,000 capacity or larger during a pro or college sporting event is considered 'national-defense airspace,'” and that, “there also are Ohio laws against... flying an aircraft while intoxicated, or voyeurism if a drone user is shooting video with a drone outside a neighbor's bedroom window.”

Drones are doing wonders for streamlining the workflow of a multitude of industries, but still have a lot of potential for malevolence. The FAA seems to be in a bit of a bind on whether the future of flight lies in harder regulation of consumer airspace or maintaining basic boundaries.

This discussion of how to properly govern the sky is not one that is specific to the United States either. Many of the arguments being made, such as concern of mid-air collisions between manned and unmanned aircrafts, are happening on a global level. More than 670 permissions for commercial drone operations in the UK alone were granted by the Civil Aviation Authority in 2014.

Madhumita Murgia published an article for the British newspaper, The Telegraph, in which she talks about the collaboration between NASA and the UK to create a drone traffic system. The system would, “track and trace all drones, especially those flying below 500 feet, irrespective of whether they were flown by commercial or leisure pilots.”

She goes on to talk about a recent Forrester report that envisioned what will happen if regulations fail to grow at the same rate as drone use:

“Imagine thousands of drones operated by hundreds of businesses delivering products or capturing data in dense urban areas like New York City, Chicago or San Francisco... Without a common set of technology protocols and rules of the air, chaos could reign.”

The drone traffic system would be doing what today's market is not: adding accountability to those manning these aircrafts. Currently, if someone crashes their drone into a plane or a building, the only thing holding them accountable is their own conscience. This traffic system may be the missing link to, as Estep put it, add some teeth to the FAA's regulations.

With more and more drones entering the sky everyday, to avoid a future like the one laid out by Forrester, something needs to be put into place.

As the first official chapter of the Unmanned Autonomous Vehicle Systems Association, with Murphy Company's CEO, Loren Stone, as president, Murphy Company will help lead the dialog and guide initiatives to maintain freedom for flying while simultaneously committing to put the safety of the public first and foremost.

#MCUAV#MCNews #MCDrones #MCTech #TheBuzz #UAVSA

Drone Deliveries Closer Than We Think

By Michael Murphy Talks of using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for deliveries have taken place for years, but the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) was understandably apprehensive about allowing unregulated use. Companies like Amazon have had to put their plans on hold. Dreams of a science fiction style future grew more distant daily.

Yet, on July 17, the FAA allowed a UAV to deliver medical supplies to a free clinic in western Virginia for the purpose of practicing research flights.

For a lot of companies, this is a huge moment. It is an indicator that the FAA recognizes the impact of expedited delivery and is taking big steps towards making it happen.

Unfortunately, this Kitty Hawk moment comes with a slightly bittersweet taste to some. Some wonder why, during such a historic moment for the United States, NASA and Virginia Tech chose an Australian drone start-up, Flirtey Inc., instead of one of the countless other American made drones.

In 2013, in exchange for equity, the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) created a partnership with Flirtey toprovide access to UNR's R&D Labs. Flirtey could then design, manufacture, research, as well as use their indoor flight testing facilities and supply graduate students an opportunity for hands on work.

They joined up with Zookal to create the world-first drone delivery test in October of the same year, in which they conducted over a hundred successful test deliveries of textbooks. Managing such an accomplishment was only made possible by strategically aligning themselves with areas that featured, what they call, “friendly regulation.”

This is a massive step in the right direction for increased delivery time for anything from medical supplies to consumer products.

From the Battle Field to the Corn Field

By Patrick Demkovich. For a long time, the term “drone” had a connotation of violence, seen only as an instrument to end life. Over the past year though, as the applications of the technology diversify, the word leaves the tongue without such a bitter taste.

American farmers are now eager to put this high tech tool to work on the homeland. As the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) loosens restrictions on the commercial market, the possibilities for farmers are literally taking off.

The small, relatively inexpensive vehicles assist humans in a variety of ways around large farms, like transmitting detailed information about crops, accurately directing the problem areas, and cutting down on the amount of water and chemicals that a farmer needs to use in those spots.

The data collected by drones can be pictures, 3D images of plants, thermal readings of crops or animals or other observations that can be made by air. In the past, information that may have taken days to collect can now be gathered in minutes or hours. In some cases this information can be integrated with separate data collected from other high-tech farm machinery.

It is now common practice to blanket entire fields with chemicals. With drones being able to pick out problem areas so precisely, it will be transformative to the agriculture industry, who will be able to limit spraying to just those areas. With how quickly these machines are advancing, it is not beyond belief that someday they will be able to apply needed chemicals to each individual plant.

The FAA approved more than 50 exemptions for farm-related operations since the beginning of the year. Many companies have been helped by the advances in this technology and witnessed growth in their business in this short time. Still, most farmers cannot legally fly the vehicles yet.

The FAA is working on rules that would allow the drones to be used regularly for business, while maintaining certain safety and privacy standards. An FAA proposal this year would allow flight of the vehicles as long as they weigh less than 55 pounds, stay within the operator’s sight and fly during the daytime. Operators would have to pass an FAA test of aeronautical knowledge and a Transportation Security Administration background check.

The future of drone use with agriculture is evolving. It's uncertain whether farmers hire services that have unmanned aerial vehicles or every farm get its own drone. Time will tell.

Until then, we will just have to keep watching the skies.